Finding Your Biological Parents or Adopted Child

The information on this page does not replace that of the official legislation.

An adopted person aged 14 or older has the right to obtain information enabling them to find their biological parents.  The biological parents must have given their consent beforehand in order for an adopted person to be given access to this information.

Similarly, the biological parents of an adopted child have the right to obtain information enabling them to find their child. The child must be full age and have given his or her consent beforehand in order for the biological parents to be given access to this information.

An adopted person younger than 14 years of age has the right to obtain information enabling them to find their biological parents if the adoptive parents have consented. The biological parents must have given their consent beforehand in order for an adopted child to be given access to this information.

An adopted person younger than 18 years of age may not be informed of the application for information made by their biological parents, unless if the child put forward an application for information to know their biological parents.

Applications for information are dealt with by integrated health and social services centres offering protection and rehabilitation services for youths in trouble of adaptation and their families. Depending on the region, these services are provided by either integrated health and social services centres (CISSS) or integrated university health and social services centres (CIUSSS).

Persons wishing to find their biological parents or an adopted child must call CISSS or CIUSSS adoption services in the region or territory where the child was born. This service is free of charge.

Procedure

Consent of the persons concerned

In order for a reunion to take place between an adopted person and his or her biological parents, existing laws require that all persons concerned have consented to meet. These persons may give their consent when a search request is made. This is then noted in the adoption file.

Locating the person sought

To obtain the consent of the persons concerned by the request for a reunion, they must first be located. An identification and location procedure for the person sought is carried out on the basis of the identity information contained in the adoption file. This procedure is done with respect for the person’s privacy.

Once located, the person sought is informed of the request concerning him or her. The person is free to accept or refuse identifying him or herself and meeting the applicant. When all the parties concerned agree to meet, a mediator facilitates contact between them for the reunion.

Psychosocial Support

CISSS and CIUSSS adoption services offer  short-term psychosocial support in order to:

  • Help the parties involved decide if they want to go ahead with the reunion
  • Help mediate between the adopted person and his or her parents
  • Prepare the reunion
  • Prepare the concerned parties for the meeting
  • Support the concerned parties if the search is not successful or if the reunion cannot happen

To learn more

For more information on reunion between biological parents or an adopted biological child, contact the CISSS or CIUSSS offering protection and rehabilitation services for youths in trouble of adaptation in your region.

Last update: June 2, 2017 9:12 AM

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