Bill 113, An Act to amend the Civil Code and other legislative provisions as regards adoption and the disclosure of information, was passed on June 16, 2017. Several of the provisions introduced by this Act into the Civil Code and the Youth Protection Act will come into effect on the dates set by the government, no later than June 16, 2018. In the meantime, the current provisions will continue to apply.
The information on this page does not replace that of the official legislation.
An adopted person aged 14 or older has the right to obtain information enabling them to find their biological parents. The biological parents must have given their consent beforehand in order for an adopted person to be given access to this information.
Similarly, the biological parents of an adopted child have the right to obtain information enabling them to find their child. The child must be full age and have given his or her consent beforehand in order for the biological parents to be given access to this information.
An adopted person younger than 14 years of age has the right to obtain information enabling them to find their biological parents if the adoptive parents have consented. The biological parents must have given their consent beforehand in order for an adopted child to be given access to this information.
An adopted person younger than 18 years of age may not be informed of the application for information made by their biological parents, unless if the child put forward an application for information to know their biological parents.
Applications for information are dealt with by integrated health and social services centres offering protection and rehabilitation services for youths in trouble of adaptation and their families. Depending on the region, these services are provided by either integrated health and social services centres (CISSS) or integrated university health and social services centres (CIUSSS).
Persons wishing to find their biological parents or an adopted child must call CISSS or CIUSSS adoption services in the region or territory where the child was born. This service is free of charge.
In order for a reunion to take place between an adopted person and his or her biological parents, existing laws require that all persons concerned have consented to meet. These persons may give their consent when a search request is made. This is then noted in the adoption file.
To obtain the consent of the persons concerned by the request for a reunion, they must first be located. An identification and location procedure for the person sought is carried out on the basis of the identity information contained in the adoption file. This procedure is done with respect for the person’s privacy.
Once located, the person sought is informed of the request concerning him or her. The person is free to accept or refuse identifying him or herself and meeting the applicant. When all the parties concerned agree to meet, a mediator facilitates contact between them for the reunion.
CISSS and CIUSSS adoption services offer short-term psychosocial support in order to:
For more information on reunion between biological parents or an adopted biological child, contact the CISSS or CIUSSS offering protection and rehabilitation services for youths in trouble of adaptation in your region.
Last update: July 5, 2017 3:00 PM
The information on this website by no means replaces the advice of a health professional. If you have questions regarding your health, contact Info-Santé 811 or see a health professional.