The Act Respecting End-of-Life Care was passed on June 5, 2014, and assented to on June 10, 2014. The provisions of the Act set out on this page came into force on December 10, 2015. The federal enactment amending provisions of the Criminal Code that deal with medical assistance in dying came into force on June 17, 2016. In compliance with this law, modifications required for Québec are incorporated into the information on this page.
The information on this page does not replace that of the official legislations.
A patient may at any time asks a health professional for information about medical aid in dying. The person can then decide whether or not to make a formal request for medical aid in dying.
Patients must request medical aid in dying themselves, in a free and informed manner, using the prescribed form. A formal process must be followed to set the procedure in motion and make the request official; otherwise medical aid in dying cannot be administered.
Here is the procedure for requesting medical aid in dying:
Witnesses are not independent if:
Patients who have requested medical aid in dying are free to change their mind. At any time, and by any means, they can:
If the patient requesting medical aid in dying cannot date and sign the form because he or she cannot write or is physically incapable of doing so, a third person may do so in the patient’s presence and according to his or her instructions. The third person must meet the following conditions:
The doctor must then assess the patient’s eligibility for medical aid in dying. If the patient is deemed eligible, medical aid in dying is administered in accordance with the conditions laid down in the Act. The doctor must also make sure that the patient’s relatives receive the necessary support and care before, during and after the administration of medical aid in dying.
There must be 10 days between the time of the request for medical aid in dying and the moment it is administered, if the request is admissible. This time can be shortened if the first and second doctors establish that the person’s death or his or her ability to provide an informed consent is imminent.
When a doctor administers medical aid in dying, he or she must, within 10 days, notify the Council of doctors, dentists and pharmacists of the institution where the patient resides or, if the doctor practises in a private health facility, the Collège des médecins du Québec. The Declaration of administration of medical aid in dying form must be used for this purpose. A copy must also be sent to the Commission sur les soins de fin de vie within the same time period.
Last update: January 30, 2017 1:46 PM
The information on this website by no means replaces the advice of a health professional. If you have questions regarding your health, contact Info-Santé 811 or see a health professional.