Campylobacteriosis is an intestinal infection. It is caused by Campylobacter bacteria and mostly occurs after eating contaminated food. Campylobacter bacteria is the most common cause of bacterial gastroenteritis.
The most common symptoms of campylobacteriosis are:
Symptoms generally appear 2 to 5 days, and sometimes even 10 days, after contamination. Symptoms can last 1 to 2 weeks.
In most cases, the symptoms go away without treatment. However, drinking plenty of fluids is recommended to prevent dehydration.
If symptoms persist or worsen, call Info-Santé 811 or consult a doctor. He or she will prescribe antibiotics if necessary.
In rare cases, campylobacteriosis has serious consequences. It can cause meningitis, arthritis or Guillain-Barré syndrome, which is a type of progressive muscle paralysis.
Contaminated foods are an important factor in the spread of campylobacteriosis.
A person can develop campylobacteriosis by consuming:
A person can also develop the illness by touching contaminated objects or through close contact with the feces of an infected person.
Campylobacter bacteria are mainly found in poultry and cattle. However, the bacteria can also be spread to humans through the contaminated feces of certain animals:
To prevent infection with Campylobacter bacteria, adopt good practices at home.
People can contract campylobacteriosis at any age, but the risk is higher in:
Campylobacteriosis has been a reportable disease in Québec since the early 1990s. When a test result confirms that a person has campylobacteriosis, the laboratory and the doctor must report the case to the public health authorities.
The information on this website by no means replaces the advice of a health professional. If you have questions regarding your health, contact Info-Santé 811 or see a health professional.