Bed bugs can have significant impact on people’s health and quality of life. Knowing how to spot them is therefore essential in order to act quickly to prevent and effectively control bed bug infestations.
Bed bugs have the following characteristics:
Bed bug eggs have the following characteristics:
Bed bugs are most active at night. They mainly live in bedrooms. They avoid light, seeking shelter in dark, narrow and inaccessible places.
Certain clues can help spot the presence of bed bugs.
Bed bug bites on a person’s back Source : James Heilman, MD - Wikimedia Commons
Clusters of bed bugs
Source : A.L. Szalanski - Wikimedia Commons
At the beginning of an infestation, beg bugs tend to hide near the place they feed,. They hide onunder the mattress and the bedspringElles se cachent ainsi sur le matelas et le sommier, , meaning close to the sleeping person they will bite.
When the infestation grows, the bed bugs can spread and hide elsewhere in the bedroom. Elles peuvent ensuite se déplacer dans les autres pièces.They can then move to other rooms.
Here are examples of possible hiding places :
The larger the infestation, the more bed bugs will spread to other rooms in the house and to other lodgings.
Bed bugs can be found everywhere, even in the cleanest houses and hotels. They can move in very narrow and inaccessible places, such as a gap the thickness of a credit card.
Bed bugs spread:
Here are a few tips to avoid bed bug infestation.
Avoid accumulating stuff and leaving them laying around the house. This way, you will reduce the number of places in which bed bugs can hide.
Be cautious when you get second-hand clothing. Make sure you inspect them carefully. Carry clothes in a sealed bag, in such a way that nothing can enter or leave the container. As soon as you get home, clean the clothes following these tips for Treating Fabrics and Objects.
Avoid bringing home used items in bad condition or left on sidewalks, such as mattresses, bedsprings, wood or upholstered furniture. Bed bugs can infest these items.
Should you wish to take one of these used items home, inspect them carefully. Treat them with hot steam by following these steps for Treatment without Washer or Dryer. Place mattresses or bedsprings in an anti-bed bug cover afterhot steam treatment.
When you go to a hotel, put your suitcases on luggage racks or in the bathtub. Avoid storing your clothes and personal belongings in drawers or placing them on the floor or bed.
Briefly inspect your bedroom, especially your bed. If you detect the presence of bed bugs in the room, on your clothes or elsewhere, put all your personal effects in a plastic bag. Seal the bag and keep your stuff in it until you have treated them. To treat your personal effects, follow these tips for Treating Fabrics and Objects.
Upon your return, place your luggage on a hard surface, such as the bathroom, entrance or garage floor. Inspect your luggage carefully.
If you suspect the presence of bed bugs, treat your luggage and its content by following these tips for Treating Fabrics and Objects.
Last update: November 21, 2016 12:11 PM
The information on this website by no means replaces the advice of a health professional. If you have questions regarding your health, contact Info-Santé 811 or see a health professional.