The Act Respecting End-of-Life Care was passed on June 5, 2014, and assented to on June 10, 2014. The provisions of the Act set out on this page came into force on December 10, 2015. The federal enactment amending provisions of the Criminal Code that deal with medical assistance in dying came into force on June 17, 2016. In compliance with this law, modifications required for Québec are incorporated into the information on this page.
The information on this page does not replace that of the official legislations.
The Act lays down very restrictive conditions that patients must meet to receive medical aid in dying, regardless of where they are receiving care. Several procedures must also be followed by doctors and healthcare institutions.
The administration of medical aid in dying is possible only if all of the following requirements are met, for both the person and the doctor.
Only a person who meets all of the following criteria may obtain medical aid in dying:
According to the Act, doctors must also comply with various obligations before administering medical aid in dying.
Health professionals must not ignore a request for medical aid in dying. However, a doctor may refuse to administer medical aid in dying because of his or her personal values. The doctor must notify, as soon as possible, the executive director of the institution where the patient resides, who will take the necessary steps to find quickly another doctor who is willing to administer medical aid in dying. The doctor must also ensure continuity of care for the patient, in accordance with the provisions of his or her code of ethics and with the patient’s wishes.
Other health professionals may also refuse to take part in the administering of medical aid in dying for the same reasons. They, too, must notify the responsible authorities, who will make sure that the required care and support are provided to the patient and his or her loved ones.
Last update: January 30, 2017 1:46 PM
The information on this website by no means replaces the advice of a health professional. If you have questions regarding your health, contact Info-Santé 811 or see a health professional.