Adoption in Québec

Bill 113, An Act to amend the Civil Code and other legislative provisions as regards adoption and the disclosure of information, was passed on June 16, 2017. Several of the provisions introduced by this Act into the Civil Code and the Youth Protection Act will come into effect on the dates set by the government, no later than June 16, 2018. In the meantime, the current provisions will continue to apply.

The information on this page does not replace that of the official legislation.

In Québec, integrated health and social services centres offering protection services and rehabilitation for youths in trouble of adaptation and their families are responsible for adoption services. Depending on the region, these services are provided by either the integrated health and social services centres (CISSS) or the integrated university health and social services centres (CIUSSS).

Placing a Child Up for Adoption

Persons considering placing a child up for adoption must contact the CISSS or CIUSSS in their region. Parents or tutors who want to initiate this process can obtain information from an adoption worker. These workers can also provide counsel.

Adopting a Child

Adoption is a last-resort child protection measure. Above all, it provides the child with a new family in which he or she will receive the care and love necessary for his or her development. Adoption also helps fulfil the legitimate wish of responsible adults who want to start a family or expand their existing one.

All adoption projects must focus on 3 fundamental elements:

  • The child’s needs
  • The child’s interests
  • The child’s rights

Adoption Options

Québec adults who want to adopt a child can do so:

  • In Québec, through regular adoption or the Banque mixte program
  • In another Canadian province
  • Abroad

Adopting a child who lives in Québec is managed by the Director of Youth Protection (DYP).

Adopting a child who lives in another Canadian province or abroad is done through the Secrétariat à l’adoption internationale This link open a new window..

Adopting children born in Québec

In Québec, the following children can be adopted:

  • Orphaned children
  • Abandoned children
  • Children whose parents voluntarily relinquished their parental rights

Adoption is done through the CISSS or CIUSSS providing protection and rehabilitation services for youths in trouble of adaptation and their families. The adoption services can find these children a family from those who have been screened to become adoptive families.

  • Regular adoption occurs when the child’s biological parents or tutor consent to the adoption.
  • Adoption under the Banque mixte program involves children who are at great risk of being abandoned and have been entrusted to a foster family by the DYP in order to be adopted. Under certain conditions stipulated in the Civil Code of Québec, these children may be declared eligible for adoption by the court.

Steps Leading to Adoption

Adopting a child who resides in Québec involves the following steps:

  1. Registering with CISSS or CIUSSS adoption services

    If you want to adopt a child born in Québec or abroad, you must register with CISSS or CIUSSS adoption services in your region. To find contact information for the adoption services in your region, go to the CISSS and CIUSSS Offering Protection and Rehabilitation Services for Youths in Trouble of Adaptation Contact Information section.

  2. Attending an information session

    CISSS or CIUSSS adoption services invites registered persons to an information session in order to:

    • Present them with the various types of adoption
    • Answer their questions
    • Help them make an informed decision about the type of adoption they are considering 

    At certain branches, this information session is held over the telephone.

  3. Conducting a psychosocial assessment of persons wishing to adopt a child

    Persons wishing to adopt a child must undergo a psychosocial assessment conducted by the DYP. The assessment helps determine whether these individuals have the capacity to accommodate a child and provide him or her with an environment that meets his or her needs.

  4. Pairing a child with prospective adoptive parents who could meet his or her needs

    Adoption services select an adoptive family and then pairs the child with the family. It then requests that the court order the placement of the child with that family for adoption.

  5. Placing a child with adoptive parents following a court order

    The child is placed with the adoptive family, usually for a 6-month period. If the child fits well into his or her adoptive environment and the adoptive family meets the child’s needs, the court issues an adoption judgment.

  6. Adoption judgment

    The adoption judgment:

    • Permanently transfers parental authority to the adoptive parents
    • Creates a new parent-child filiation
    • Gives the adopted child and his or her adoptive parents the same rights and obligations as those derived from biological filiation

CISSS and CIUSSS Offering Protection and Rehabilitation Services for Youths in Trouble of Adaptation Contact Information

Bas-Saint-Laurent

  • Telephone number: 418 723-1255
  • Toll-free number: 1 800 463-9009

Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean

  • Telephone number: 418 543-3006
  • Toll-free number: 1 800 463-9188

Capitale-Nationale

  • Telephone number: 418 661-6951
  • Toll-free number: 1 800 463-4834

Mauricie-et-Centre-du-Québec

  • Telephone number: 819 378-5481
  • Toll-free number: 1 800 567-8520

Estrie

  • Telephone number: 819 566-4121
  • Toll-free number: 1 800 463-1029

Montréal

  • Telephone number: 514 896-3100

Montréal English-Speakers (Batshaw)

  • Telephone number: 514 935-6196 or 514 989-1885

Outaouais

  • Telephone number: 819 771-6631
  • Toll-free number: 1 800 567-6810

Abitibi-Témiscamingue

  • Telephone number: 819 825-0002
  • Toll-free number: 1 800 567-6405

Côte-Nord

  • Telephone number: 418 589-9927
  • Toll-free number: 1 800 463-8547

Nord-du-Québec

  • (See the Abitibi-Témiscamingue or Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean region)

Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine

  • Telephone number: 418 368-1803
  • Toll-free number: 1 800 463-4225 or 1 800 463-0629

Chaudière-Appalaches

  • Toll-free number: 1 800 461-9331

Laval

  • Telephone number: 450 975-4000 or 450 975-4150
  • Toll-free number: 1 888 975-4884

Lanaudière

  • Telephone number: 450 756-4555
  • Toll-free number: 1 800 665-1414

Laurentides

  • Telephone number: 450 431-6885
  • Toll-free number: 1 800 361-8665

Montérégie

  • Telephone number: 514 721-1811
  • Toll-free number: 1 800 361-5310

Nunavik

Ungava

  • Telephone number: 819 964-2905

Baie d’Hudson

  • Telephone number: 819 988-2191
  • Toll-free number: 819 988-2957

Terres-Cries-de-la-Baie-James

Chisasibi

  • Telephone number: 819 855-2844
  • Toll-free number: 1 800 409-6884

Waswanipi

  • Telephone number: 819 753-2324
  • Toll-free number: 1 800 409-6884

Useful Websites

Last update: July 5, 2017 2:58 PM

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