Generalised Anxiety Disorder

Description

Feeling a little anxiety sometimes is very normal. However, you may have generalised anxiety disorder if you experience the following situations:

  • You feel a level of anxiety that is disproportionate to the importance of events in question, meaning your worries are excessive and hard to control. For instance, fearing that your children have a road accident each time they go to school
  • You feel a lot of anxiety due to your professional, financial and family responsibilities, without being able to step away and relax a little

Generalised anxiety disorder has significant impact on a person’s daily functioning. It affects their relationships and their family, social and professional activities.

Generalised anxiety disorder is part of the large group or anxiety disorders.

Symptoms

People with generalised anxiety disorder feel a high level of anxiety and worry nonstop during a period of at least 6 months. The anxiety is often accompanied by one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Fatigue
  • Irritability (a tendency to get angry easily)
  • Sleeping difficulties
  • Headaches
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Excessive sweating
  • Trembling
  • Restlessness (severe agitation)
  • Heart palpitations (heart beating abnormally fast)
  • Muscle pain
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Difficulty breathing

When to Consult

Do not wait to be unable to conduct your usual activities in order to consult. If you have symptoms, you can consult certain organisations and associations working with anxiety disorders. They offer information, help and support.

However, see your family doctor or another health professional if you experience one of the following situations:

  • You are in a state of exaggerated anxiety for several months and you worry constantly about real events or ones that you fear happening
  • In addition to anxiety, you have physical and psychological symptoms. For instance, you feel constantly on alert, ready to react

A health professional can assess whether you have a generalised anxiety disorder, or another health problem with similar symptoms. To be properly assessed, it could be necessary to conduct a physical exam or to prescribe laboratory tests. You will be proposed a treatment plan that is adapted to your needs.

See the Help and Resources section to find resources available to you.

If you have suicidal thoughts and fear for your safety, or that of people around you, see the Preventing Suicide page. You will find further information on help and resources available.

Treatment

Generalised anxiety disorder is an illness that can be treated. There are known treatments available to treat this disorder. Treatments allow people affected to regain control of their lives and daily activities. The earlier an affected person consults with a doctor, the faster he or she will recover.

In most cases, generalised anxiety disorder is treated very effectively with psychotherapy, anti-anxiety medication, or a combination of these 2 treatments.

Psychotherapy Sessions

Anxiety disorder experts usually recommend one of the following 2 therapies:

  • Cognitive behavioural therapy, which aims to change the individual’s thoughts and problematic behaviour, and replaces them with thoughts and responses appropriate to reality. It helps understand the origins of the problem and to find solutions
  • Analytically oriented psychotherapy, which aims to discover the root causes of psychological suffering. This therapy allows the person to become aware of the origins of their anxiety and to reduce their suffering

Experts also recommend that people affected join a support group to talk and help each other.

Anti-anxiety Medication

Different medicines can be used to treat generalised anxiety disorder, including antidepressants and anxiolytics. See the page with information on anxiety problems to learn more about:

Complications

The condition of someone with generalised anxiety disorder can worsen if it is not taken seriously. See the page with information on everything you need to know about anxiety disorder complications.

Protection and Prevention

If you show symptoms of generalised anxiety disorder, you can act now. Advice on maintaining good mental health will help you change certain lifestyle habits. These changes will not heal you, but they can help you eliminate factors that worsen or maintain your generalised anxiety disorder.

Risk Factors

Generalised anxiety disorder has no clear identified cause. It is a combination of several factors resulting in the onset of symptoms of the disorder. These factors can be biological, hereditary or environmental. See the anxiety disorder information page to learn more about the risk factors of anxiety disorders.

People at Risk

Women are twice more at risk then men of being affected by generalised anxiety disorder.

It is usually at the beginning of adulthood that people consult a health professional for generalised anxiety disorder. They often report having always been anxious. These people also often consult family doctors or specialists for all kinds of physical pain.

Most people with generalised anxiety disorder are also afflicted with other mental problems, panic disorder and depression in particular.

Help and Resources

Help and Support Resources

Resources are available for help and to obtain further information about generalised anxiety disorder. You can consult the anxiety disorder information page to find available resources for anxiety disorders.

Resources for Care and Services

To receive care or services, or to find a psychotherapist with whom you are comfortable, contact one of the following resources:

To find the contact information for your family medicine clinic, your CISSS or your CIUSSS, go to the Finding a Resource section.

Last update: September 27, 2016 12:21 PM

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