Vaccination is the best protection against the following diseases and their complications:
Hepatitis A and hepatitis B are liver infections caused by 2 different viruses: the hepatitis A virus and the hepatitis B virus. The vaccine is 95 to 100% effective in preventing both infections.
The vaccine is indicated for anyone who wants to reduce their risk of catching hepatitis A and hepatitis B. Several doses of the vaccine are required to ensure the best possible protection. The hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccine is provided free of charge under the Hepatitis B Immunization Program offered in Grade 4 of primary school.
Depending on the person’s age, 2 or 3 doses of the vaccine are required over a 6-month period to ensure the best possible protection.
The vaccine is effective for at least 20 years. Studies are being done to assess the vaccine’s effectiveness after 20 years. If they show that an additional dose is needed to maintain protection, people who have had the vaccine will be given a booster dose.
Some symptoms may be caused by the vaccine, e.g., redness at the injection site. Other problems may occur by chance and are not related to the vaccine, e.g., a cold, a gastroenteritis or a headache.
The hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccine is safe. In most cases, it does not cause any reaction.
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The hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccine has been used for over 20 years and millions of doses have been administered worldwide. According to current scientific data, no serious or unexpected problems are associated with this vaccine. No link has been found between this vaccine and certain serious diseases or deaths.
As for all immunization programs, the Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux monitors the side effects of the hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccine under the Programme de surveillance passive des effets secondaires possiblement reliés à l’immunisation (ESPRI) (Passive surveillance program used to monitor possible vaccine-related side effects).
Wait 15 minutes before leaving the place where you were given the vaccine. If an allergic reaction occurs, the symptoms will appear a few minutes after vaccination.
If you experience side effects, tell the person who gave you the vaccine immediately. They will be able to treat you right away.
If you experience redness, pain or swelling at the injection site, apply a cold, damp compress to the site.
Use medication for fever or discomfort if needed.
See a doctor if any of the following applies to you:
Last update: September 18, 2017 8:50 AM
The information on this website by no means replaces the advice of a health professional. If you have questions regarding your health, contact Info-Santé 811 or see a health professional.