Regulation of cannabis in Québec
Further the federal government’s decision to legalize cannabis and to the bill tabled on April 13, 2017, the Government of Québec has tabled a bill in the fall of 2017. For more information go to encadrementcannabis.gouv.qc.ca/en/ .
Alcohol is a liquid obtained through the fermentation of certain fruits or cereals, or through distillation, which is a process of condensation most often conducted using heat. Alcohol is a component of various beverages, including beer, coolers, wine, cider, aperitifs, liqueurs and spirits.
Alcohol is a depressant. This type of drug affects the central nervous system by numbing the brain and slowing the body. Alcohol affects behaviour and coordination.
Drinking too fast or on an empty stomach speeds up the effects of alcohol. Smaller-statured and tired individuals also experience the effects of alcohol much quicker. These effects are influenced by the law of effect, which is the interaction of the following 3 factors:
To learn more, read Effects of Drugs section.
About an hour after the first drink, a person:
Alcohol can also induce:
There is no way to prevent alcohol from mixing with blood or precipitate an end to its effects. You must wait for the body to get rid of the alcohol by itself.
On average, the body needs an hour to eliminate one standard drink, the equivalent of a glass of beer or wine.
A standard drink is:
Drinking alcohol can impair the physical and mental development of young people. Teens can become addicted to alcohol faster than adults because their personality structure is in full development. They should wait as long as possible before having their first drink. If they choose to drink, they must discuss it with their parents and drink in small quantities.
To learn more:
Based on current knowledge, even moderate alcohol consumption can only be associated with limited health benefits. The Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse associates alcohol consumption, even in small quantities, with the risk of many serious illnesses.
For example, drinking a single glass of alcohol a day increases up to 42% the risk of getting any of the following illnesses:
Drinking can affect behaviour and judgment. The person who drinks may do things he or she would not normally do or make decisions he or she would not normally make. For instance, the person could:
Additionally, drinking in a prolonged and regular way, or in large quantities, can lead to other consequences:
Alcohol can lead to psychological and physical dependency.
With a psychological dependency, the person usually needs to drink more and more in order to feel better about himself or herself, relax, calm down, feel stimulated or have the courage to face problems.
With a physical dependency, a physiological need is created by the body’s addiction to the effects of the alcohol. If person tries to go without it, he or she may experience varying degrees of physical reaction, such as:
To learn more, consult the following:
Driving under the influence of alcohol is illegal and can lead to fines and a criminal record. To learn more, consult the Société de l’assurance automobile du Québec website .
Binge drinking is heavy consumption of alcohol over a short period of time. This practice can have serious consequences:
Someone who has drunk a lot of alcohol should never be left alone.
To learn more, read the Intoxication section of Problems Associated with Alcohol Consumption and Drug Use.
Mixing alcohol with other substances, such as drugs, energy drinks or medication, can be dangerous. Such combinations can produce unpredictable effects and cause significant harm.
To learn more, read Alcohol and Drugs: A Dangerous Combination.
Last update: July 21, 2017 10:01 AM
The information on this website by no means replaces the advice of a health professional. If you have questions regarding your health, contact Info-Santé 811 or see a health professional.